Find information about kidney conditions in children.

Topics cover:

  • symptoms and complications
  • causes
  • tests to diagnose or find out more
  • treatments
  • follow up
  • what may happen in the future
  • Conditions

    Ectopic kidney

    An ectopic kidney is a congenital anomaly of the kidneys and urinary tract. It means that the kidney is not in the usual position.

  • Conditions

    Fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD)

    Read about fibromuscular dysplasia (FMD) in the rare renal section of the Kidney Care UK website.

    FMD - medication
  • Conditions

    FSGS and IgM nephropathy

    These conditions cause nephrotic syndrome in children, where the kidneys leak too much protein into the urine and lead to swelling in the body.

  • Conditions


    A group of conditions in which the kidneys are inflamed and leak blood and protein into the urine.

  • Conditions


    Haematuria means there is blood in the urine (wee). Normally there is no blood in the urine. Your child's doctor will try to find out what is causing this.

  • Conditions

    Haemolytic uraemic syndrome (STEC-HUS)

    STEC-HUS happens in a small number of children after a tummy infection, causing kidney problems and other complications.

  • Conditions

    Henoch-Schönlein purpura (HSP) or IgA vasculitis

    A condition that affects different parts of the body, including the skin, tummy, joints and kidneys.

  • Conditions

    Hepatic Nuclear Factor 1B Mutation

    Read about Hepatic Nuclear Factor 1B Mutation on the UK Kidney Association (UKKA)'s Rare Renal website.

    UKKA Rare Renal logo
  • Conditions

    Horseshoe kidney

    Instead of having two separate kidneys on each side of the body, the two kidneys are joined by their lower parts forming a U-shaped or horseshoe kidney.

  • Conditions

    Hyperoxaluria (primary hyperoxaluria (PH) or oxalosis)

    Read about hyperoxaluria (also known as primary hyperoxaluria (PH) or oxalosis) in the rare renal section of the Kidney Care UK website.

    Hyperoxaluria - medication
  • Conditions


    Hypertension (blood pressure that is too high) is rare in children, and may be a serious condition. Your child's doctor will try to find out what is causing it.

  • Conditions

    IgA nephropathy

    A type of glomerulonephritis, a condition that causes inflammation in the kidneys, which is usually caused by problems with the immune system.