Acute Kidney Injury (AKI): will my child get better?

Your healthcare team will speak with you and your child about any long-term effects your child might have.

Most children fully recover from AKI. Others will need further care.

The long-term effects on your child’s kidney function (how well the kidneys are working) depend on how severe the AKI is and whether it gets better with treatment.

Follow up

Your child may need to have follow-up appointments with your GP (family doctor) or at the hospital. It is important to go to these appointments, even if your child seems well. You will also have the opportunity to ask any questions. At these appointments, your child may have:

  • his or her height and weight checked
  • a physical examination
  • urine tests – to check for blood, protein and other substances in his or her urine
  • blood tests – to check for the amount of protein and other substances in his or her blood, and measure their kidney function
  • his or her blood pressure measured.


If your child’s AKI gets better with treatment, they usually have no higher risk of long-term kidney problems. Your doctor will monitor them over a long period of time.

Long-term problems

Children who have had AKI have a slightly higher risk of:

A small number of children will have long-term problems with their kidneys. Their kidneys stop working as well as they should – this happens slowly, often over many years. This is called chronic kidney disease (CKD). These children will need further, specialist treatment in the future. If your child has CKD, you and your family will learn more over time about how to help manage the condition, and what to expect.

AKI: impact on your child and your family

Children who have been successfully treated for AKI can usually do the things that other children their age do. They should be able to continue going to school or nursery. They can play with other children and stay active.

Further support

This can be a difficult and stressful experience for your child and the whole family, including other children. If you have any concerns or need additional support, speak with your doctor or nurse.

More information

  • Tests and diagnosis

    Find out more detail about some of the tests used to diagnose or investigate kidney conditions.

  • Blood tests

    In a blood test, a small sample of your child’s blood will be taken from the body, using a needle. This sample will be looked at by specialists in a laboratory.

  • Blood pressure

    Blood pressure (BP) is the force, or pressure, that makes the blood flow round the body. It is very important that your child’s blood pressure is in a healthy range. If it is too high or too low, your doctor will try to find out what is causing this.